Wood Glue Glossary

Having a tough time with the lingo? Our wood glue glossary can help.

Woodturning

Woodturning is the process of shaping wood using a lathe. Woodturning is used to create round items like bowls, spindles, table legs, wooden baseball bats and others.

Sunken Joints

Sunken joints are slight depressions at the glue lines in a finished panel. Sunken joints result from the wood around the joint expanding when it comes in contact with the moisture from adhesive. To avoid sunken joints, wait for the wood swelling to go down before planing or sanding.

Stepped Joints

Stepped joints occur when two adjacent laminates change dimension differently because of grain orientation and/or moisture. The adhesive cannot resist this change and the laminates slightly shift. The joint will appear “stepped”.

Snipe

Snipe is the gouging or depression of a board as a result of running it through a planer. Snipe can occur at either end of the board when it enters the planer's out-feed roller or in-feed roller. On a joiner, snipe can occur due to improper table alignment and improper feeding.

Radio Frequency Press

Most often used in commercial application, a radio frequency is used to speed the cure rate of water-based adhesives by removing the moisture or water from the glue. It is also used in some cases for kiln drying of lumber.

Polyvinyl Acetate (PVA)

PVA's have been around since the 1940s, and are commonly known as white glues. Gorilla Wood Glue is a cross-linked PVA. White glues are not cross-linked, meaning that the polymers are not joined together as a web. This cross-linking gives the glue enhanced strength, as well as better heat and moisture-resistance than white glue.

Open-Grain Wood vs. Closed-Grain Wood

Generally, open grain woods are softer woods and more porous. Closed grain woods are harder woods and less porous.

Moisture Meter

A moisture meter measures the moisture content of wood. Too dry of wood could result in too much wood glue being absorbed into the wood and starving the joint. Too much moisture in the wood can inhibit bonding. Moisture content is important to consider to avoid swings in shrinkage or expansion stresses post bonding. When using adhesives, wood with a moisture content of 4-7% for hardwoods and 6-8% for softwoods is recommended.

Injecting Glue

A technique for applying glue, injecting glue is most often used in repair and restoration. Glue is injected into small crack or loose joints with the use of a small glue syringe.

Finger Joints

Finger joints are a joinery technique, often used in commercial processing of softwoods to join ends and avoid the inherent difficulties of end joining. It is also a great way for producers to reduce waste or scrap.

Fiberized Surface

A fiberized surface occurs when wood has been improperly sanded against the grain, by using rough or dull planer blades or by using abrasives that are too coarse. The result is a surface that is rough or fuzzy.

End-to-End Gluing

The process of gluing boards end to end. This technique is used infrequently, since the end grains of boards present additional difficulties for successful bonding and a seamless appearance. In addition, the length of boards is less often an issue, as trees grow much taller than wider.

Edge-to-End Gluing

The process of gluing boards edge to end.

Edge-to-Edge Gluing

The process of gluing boards edge to edge to create a wider panel than can be achieved with one board is referred to as edge-to-edge gluing.

Dovetail Joints

A dovetail joint is a joining technique. A popular solution for right angle applications, such as drawer corners, a dovetail joint is a series of pins cut to extend from the end of one board. The pin cuts lock into a series of tails cut into the end of another board. The pins and tails have a trapezoidal shape. Once glued, no mechanical fasteners are required; the joint is permanent.

Checking

Checking is the splitting and cracking that occurs as wood dries. Checking can be avoided by regulating the environment in which the wood is dried to slow down the rate of speed in which moisture evaporates.

Checkering

Checkering is a decorative technique in which a criss-cross pattern is applied to wood. It is used most often on gunstocks, for better grip.

Biscuits

Biscuits are support mechanisms used in joining wood. They are created in various sizes for different applications, and are usually used with a power tool called a plate joiner or biscuit cutter.

Original Gorilla Glue

Tough repairs on dissimilar surfaces, both indoors and out.

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Glues and Adhesives
  • Aluminum
  • Tile
  • Wood
  • Metal
  • Stone
  • Ceramic
  • Glass
  • Plastic*
  • Brick
  • Concrete
  • Foam
  • Indoor application that I can clamp and wait for it to dry.
  • The materials that I'm bonding will be exposed to water.

White Gorilla Glue

Tough repairs on dissimilar surfaces, both indoors and out.

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Glues and Adhesives
  • Wood
  • Metal
  • Stone
  • Ceramic
  • Glass
  • Plastic*
  • Brick
  • Concrete
  • Foam
  • Indoor application that I can clamp and wait for it to dry.
  • The materials that I'm bonding will be exposed to water.

Gorilla Super Glue

Instant repairs on smaller indoor projects.

Learn More
Glues and Adhesives
  • Wood
  • Metal
  • Stone
  • Ceramic
  • Plastic*
  • Paper
  • Rubber*
  • Indoor application that's a quick fix.

Gorilla Super Glue Gel

No Run Control Formula great for use on vertical surfaces.

Learn More
Glues and Adhesives
  • Wood
  • Metal
  • Stone
  • Ceramic
  • Plastic*
  • Paper
  • Rubber*
  • Indoor application that's a quick fix.
  • I'm gluing something to a vertical surface (it can't sag/drip when applied).

Gorilla Epoxy

Tough repairs requiring a durable bond, gap-filling and solvent resistance.

Learn More
Glues and Adhesives
  • Aluminum
  • Tile
  • Wood
  • Metal
  • Stone
  • Ceramic
  • Glass
  • Plastic*
  • Brick
  • Concrete
  • Foam
  • Indoor application that I can clamp and wait for it to dry.
  • The materials that I'm bonding will be exposed to water.
  • I'm gluing something that needs to have gaps/voids in the material filled.

Gorilla Wood Glue

Building, carpentry or hobby projects using any type of wood.

Learn More
Glues and Adhesives
  • Wood
  • Indoor application that I can clamp and wait for it to dry.

Black Gorilla Tape

Great for indoor or outdoor use and made to stick to rough, uneven, unforgiving surfaces like wood, stone, stucco, plaster, brick and more.

Learn More
Tapes
  • A durable, water resistant, “duct tape on steroids”.

White Gorilla Tape

Camouflages repairs on white surfaces, and won't yellow outdoors due to its superior UV resistance.

Learn More
Tapes
  • A durable, water resistant, “duct tape on steroids”.
  • A tough, cosmetic repair for white surfaces that won’t yellow outdoors.

Gorilla Clear Repair Tape

Providing a weatherproof airtight, bond. Repair, fix, patch, seal, hold, and protect almost any surface with crystal clear appearance.

Learn More
Tapes
  • A clear tape that is used for packaging and sealing boxes
  • A tough, cosmetic repair for white surfaces that won’t yellow outdoors.
  • A waterproof clear tape that can fix, patch, seal, hold and protect.

Camo Tape

Ideal for applications in the field including duck blinds, tree stands, tent repairs, and more.

Learn More
Tapes
  • A camouflage, matte finish ideal for the outdoorsman.

Gorilla Packaging Tape Tough & Wide

Gorilla Packaging Tape provides the ultimate solution for moving, shipping and storing.

Learn More
Tapes
  • A clear tape that is used for packaging and sealing boxes

Gorilla Tough & Clear Mounting Tape

Gorilla Mounting Tape is tough and clear and mounts in an instant, for a long-lasting, weatherproof bond.

Learn More
Tapes
  • A double sided tape that provides a permanent bond
Glues and Adhesives
  • Aluminum
  • Tile
  • Wood
  • Metal
  • Stone
  • Ceramic
  • Plastic*
  • Brick
  • Concrete
  • Foam
  • Indoor application that I can clamp and wait for it to dry.
  • The materials that I'm bonding will be exposed to water.
  • I'm gluing something to a vertical surface (it can't sag/drip when applied).
  • I'm gluing something that needs to have gaps/voids in the material filled.

Silver Gorilla Tape

Camouflages repairs on white surfaces, and won't yellow outdoors due to its superior UV resistance.

Learn More
Tapes
  • A durable, water resistant, “duct tape on steroids”.

Gorilla Heavy Duty Mounting Tape

Gorilla Mounting Tape is tough and clear and mounts in an instant, for a long-lasting, weatherproof bond.

Learn More
Tapes
  • A double sided tape that provides a permanent bond

Gorilla Super Glue Brush & Nozzle

Instant repairs on smaller indoor projects.

Learn More
Glues and Adhesives
  • Wood
  • Metal
  • Stone
  • Ceramic
  • Plastic*
  • Paper
  • Rubber*
  • Indoor application that's a quick fix.
Glues and Adhesives
Glues and Adhesives
Glues and Adhesives

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Original Gorilla Glue

Tough repairs on dissimilar surfaces, both indoors and out.

Learn More
Glues and Adhesives
  • Aluminum
  • Tile
  • Wood
  • Metal
  • Stone
  • Ceramic
  • Glass
  • Plastic*
  • Brick
  • Concrete
  • Foam
  • Indoor application that I can clamp and wait for it to dry.
  • The materials that I'm bonding will be exposed to water.

White Gorilla Glue

Tough repairs on dissimilar surfaces, both indoors and out.

Learn More
Glues and Adhesives
  • Wood
  • Metal
  • Stone
  • Ceramic
  • Glass
  • Plastic*
  • Brick
  • Concrete
  • Foam
  • Indoor application that I can clamp and wait for it to dry.
  • The materials that I'm bonding will be exposed to water.

Gorilla Super Glue

Instant repairs on smaller indoor projects.

Learn More
Glues and Adhesives
  • Wood
  • Metal
  • Stone
  • Ceramic
  • Plastic*
  • Paper
  • Rubber*
  • Indoor application that's a quick fix.

Gorilla Super Glue Gel

No Run Control Formula great for use on vertical surfaces.

Learn More
Glues and Adhesives
  • Wood
  • Metal
  • Stone
  • Ceramic
  • Plastic*
  • Paper
  • Rubber*
  • Indoor application that's a quick fix.
  • I'm gluing something to a vertical surface (it can't sag/drip when applied).

Gorilla Epoxy

Tough repairs requiring a durable bond, gap-filling and solvent resistance.

Learn More
Glues and Adhesives
  • Aluminum
  • Tile
  • Wood
  • Metal
  • Stone
  • Ceramic
  • Glass
  • Plastic*
  • Brick
  • Concrete
  • Foam
  • Indoor application that I can clamp and wait for it to dry.
  • The materials that I'm bonding will be exposed to water.
  • I'm gluing something that needs to have gaps/voids in the material filled.

Gorilla Wood Glue

Building, carpentry or hobby projects using any type of wood.

Learn More
Glues and Adhesives
  • Wood
  • Indoor application that I can clamp and wait for it to dry.

Black Gorilla Tape

Great for indoor or outdoor use and made to stick to rough, uneven, unforgiving surfaces like wood, stone, stucco, plaster, brick and more.

Learn More
Tapes
  • A durable, water resistant, “duct tape on steroids”.

White Gorilla Tape

Camouflages repairs on white surfaces, and won't yellow outdoors due to its superior UV resistance.

Learn More
Tapes
  • A durable, water resistant, “duct tape on steroids”.
  • A tough, cosmetic repair for white surfaces that won’t yellow outdoors.

Gorilla Clear Repair Tape

Providing a weatherproof airtight, bond. Repair, fix, patch, seal, hold, and protect almost any surface with crystal clear appearance.

Learn More
Tapes
  • A clear tape that is used for packaging and sealing boxes
  • A tough, cosmetic repair for white surfaces that won’t yellow outdoors.
  • A waterproof clear tape that can fix, patch, seal, hold and protect.

Camo Tape

Ideal for applications in the field including duck blinds, tree stands, tent repairs, and more.

Learn More
Tapes
  • A camouflage, matte finish ideal for the outdoorsman.

Gorilla Packaging Tape Tough & Wide

Gorilla Packaging Tape provides the ultimate solution for moving, shipping and storing.

Learn More
Tapes
  • A clear tape that is used for packaging and sealing boxes

Gorilla Tough & Clear Mounting Tape

Gorilla Mounting Tape is tough and clear and mounts in an instant, for a long-lasting, weatherproof bond.

Learn More
Tapes
  • A double sided tape that provides a permanent bond
Glues and Adhesives
  • Aluminum
  • Tile
  • Wood
  • Metal
  • Stone
  • Ceramic
  • Plastic*
  • Brick
  • Concrete
  • Foam
  • Indoor application that I can clamp and wait for it to dry.
  • The materials that I'm bonding will be exposed to water.
  • I'm gluing something to a vertical surface (it can't sag/drip when applied).
  • I'm gluing something that needs to have gaps/voids in the material filled.

Silver Gorilla Tape

Camouflages repairs on white surfaces, and won't yellow outdoors due to its superior UV resistance.

Learn More
Tapes
  • A durable, water resistant, “duct tape on steroids”.

Gorilla Heavy Duty Mounting Tape

Gorilla Mounting Tape is tough and clear and mounts in an instant, for a long-lasting, weatherproof bond.

Learn More
Tapes
  • A double sided tape that provides a permanent bond

Gorilla Super Glue Brush & Nozzle

Instant repairs on smaller indoor projects.

Learn More
Glues and Adhesives
  • Wood
  • Metal
  • Stone
  • Ceramic
  • Plastic*
  • Paper
  • Rubber*
  • Indoor application that's a quick fix.
Glues and Adhesives
Glues and Adhesives
Glues and Adhesives

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